Civic Archaeological Museum of Marciana

Marciana Museum, the first to be born on the island of Elba

The Civic Archaeological Museum of Marciana was the first to be opened on the island in 1968 and was renovated in 2002. Like the other archaeological museums on Elba, the one in Portoferraio and that of Rio nell’Elba, is the result of collaboration between the University, the Archaeological Superintendency of Tuscany and the Municipal Administration. Inside are preserved the oldest finds on the island, which have their roots in local prehistory.

At the Marciana Museum, finds from the Elban settlements are on display

The Civic Archaeological Museum of Marciana houses some of the oldest materials from the Elban settlements, dating back to the first phases of occupation of the island in the Paleolithic. The inhabitants of the first settlements of Monte Capanne, dating back to the recent and final Bronze Age (13th – kettles and stoves for milk processing, spools, loom weights and spindles. A society emerges which has characteristics similar to the Apennine facies and which is very linked to the presence of mountainous reliefs, used for defense and transhumance.


Chiessi and Monte Capanne

The cache of Valle Gneccarina (Chiessi) with wing axes dates back to the early Iron Age (8th century BC), a moment in which Elba found itself firmly at the center of trade routes that connected it to Sardinia, Corsica and continent: the communities, however, still preferred the heights to structure their settlements and Monte Capanne was an important center of control of the territory.

The archaic Etruscan age is present with the discoveries of a series of burial tombs in rock shelters on Monte Capanne which have yielded bucchero pottery, Etruscan-Corinthian and Corinthian ceramics, Ionic cups and fibulae. Peculiar aspects of the Etruscan burials on Elba up to the 6th century BC are the continuity of use of the high-altitude caves from prehistory and the filling of the pits with sea gravel, symbol of the close relationship with the sea which becomes a cultural aspect connoting the Elban tradition .

The findings at the fortress of Monte Castello di Procchio

An exhibition space is dedicated to the excavations of the fortress of Monte Castello di Procchio of which the oldest materials, from the 5th century, are also on display. BC: this site had a phase of strong development between the end of the 4th and the beginning of the 3rd century. BC, on the occasion of the looming Roman threat, but it seems to have more ancient origins, already in the 5th century, when perhaps it was also associated with a religious function.

Mountain Capanne became famous, in Roman times and until the Middle Ages, for its granite quarries, as in Seccheto: the Romans hewn the columns on site, and then transported them inside the rich public buildings or aristocracies.

Finds from the Procchio wreck

The exhibition itinerary does not fail to underline the relationship with the sea, thanks to a section dedicated to two wrecks found in the bay of Procchio, the oldest of which, a Roman cargo ship approximately 20 m long, from the second half of the 2nd century. AD, carried Gallic, Hispanic and African amphorae containing wine, fish sauce, figs and oil, but also sulfur cakes, glass tableware decorated in gold, and an ivory statuette originally covered in gold foil, depicting Dionysus and Pan. The second Procchio wreck is from a French merchant ship from the late eighteenth century which transported glazed, engobed and majolica ceramics, as well as a series of scissors of various sizes.


Marciana Museum opening hours and information

Timetables

April: open on 8,9,10 and 22, 23, 24 and 25 from 10.00 to 13.00
From 1 June to 29 October: 10.00-13.00 and 15.30-17.30 (Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday)
– 10.00 – 13.00 (Thursday and Sunday) Tuesday closed

The Museum is located in Via del Pretorio 40 in Marciana, Elba Island (LI)
marcianacivitas@gmail.com Tel. +39 3773908001 www.visitmarciana.it

Prices

Single ticket €2
cumulative ticket for Civic Archaeological Museum, Pisan Fortress and Numismatic Educational Museum
2 museums €3 – 3 museums €4


Finds visible at the Marciana Museum


How to reach the Civic Archaeological Museum of Marciana

The Archaeological Museum is located inside the historic center of Marciana, in an elevated position. It is advisable to park or arrive by bus outside the historic center and follow the signs towards Via del Pretorio enjoying the evocative walk through the streets of the medieval village, among breathtaking views and historic buildings.


Map

360° View

Interior of the Civic Archaeological Museum of Marciana


Video

Civic Archaeological Museum of Marciana