Fortress Saint Cloud

Fort Saint Cloud constituted the southern end of the outermost fortified line of the entrenched camp and was built between 1804 and the following year. Its small size and pentagonal shape, as well as its relative proximity, show it more as a lunette accompanying the bastions of the square than as a separate fortification work.

Strategic position to control the salt pans and access to the city

The position was strategic to control, beyond the salt pans, the main access road to the city. Once past the salt pans, this branched off to form an important road junction: on one side it ran alongside the gulf and then connected to the roads that led to Volterraio and Porto Azzurro, from The other entered the San Martino valley and then continued towards Procchio and Marciana. The fort was about 400 meters away from the land front and therefore maintained a very low development in height, resorting to caponiera and ditch works, so as not to hinder the trajectory of the artillery fire in the square.

The last traces of Fortress Saint Cloud

A portion of the outer curtain walls are today the last trace of the Fort Saint Cloud , still clearly visible, albeit in an evident state of neglect, in front of the docks of the modern ferry docks, adhering to the western flank of the lower of the two tall buildings, which rise above the new port, violating the panoramic view of the city from whichever side you look at it.
Of the internal fortified structure there remain two internal barrel-vaulted galleries which must have constituted covered passages and which are now uninhabitable and await safety measures.

Where Fort Saint Cloud was

What remains of the old Fort Saint Cloud can be seen in Calata Italia, upstream of the new port area of ​​ Portoferraio .