Luigi Gesualdo Celleri

Luigi Celleri Italian mineralogist

Luigi Gesualdo Celleri was an Italian mineralogist.
(San Piero in Campo, 5 June 1828 – San Piero in Campo , July 21, 1900)

Cellerite, type of Tourmaline dedicated to Luigi Celleri, found in San Piero.
Cellerite, type of Tourmaline dedicated to Luigi Celleri, found in San Piero.

The celleriite, a new yellowish tourmaline with a black tip found in San Piero in Campo, was dedicated to the mineralogist.

Is Tte named Luigi Celleri Mineralogical and gemological museum of San Piero in Campo, established in 2013.

Luigi Gesualdo Celleri
 was an Italian mineralogist
 (San Piero in Campo, 5 June 1828 - San Piero in Campo, 21 July 1900)
Luigi Gesualdo Celleri
was an Italian mineralogist (born San Piero in Campo, June 5, 1828)

Born to Matteo Celleri and Rosa Gasperi, he dedicated himself to mineralogical research in collaboration with Raffaello Foresi. After Foresi’s death (1876) he undertook new research with Giorgio Roster and Bista Toscanelli, who had acquired numerous excavation rights in the pegmatitic veins of western Elba.

Subsequently Luigi Celleri was commissioned to draw up mineralogical research for the establishment, by Pilade Del Buono, of a mineralogical museum in the Demidoff Gallery at the Villa di San Martino (Portoferraio).

Important mineralogical finds date back to this period, such as gummy quartz (in Palombaia) and specimens of wollastonite (in Cavoli).

On April 19, 1900, during an excavation in the pegmatitic vein of Grottadoggi, Luigi Celleri fell ill and died two days later.


Testimonials about Luigi Celleri

«I was one of those who went directly to San Piero and I remember that when we reached the village, perched on the granite boulders, a man met us, who seemed very elderly due to his curved staff and his long, shaggy and almost white beard. Some of us recognized him from afar and I heard exclaims from various quarters: “Here’s Celleri! How are you, Celleri?” When we met he smiled tiredly at the party, shook everyone’s hand like old acquaintances.

You should have heard him tell what was his joy the day they found a geode encrusted with thousands of polychrome tourmalines and beryls.

He spoke excitedly, ecstatically spread his arms, opened his eyes wide as if he still had before him the spectacle of the geode that Roster wanted to illuminate with a candle and which was so beautiful that it looked like Paradise! em>»

Giovanni D’Achiardi


«Celleri was very good at recognizing minerals, even the rarest ones, and at seeing new species in the various samples. He wanted to say that he had acquired this ability not only with practice, his lens (which he always wore around his neck with a black ribbon) and good eyesight (which he attributed smiling to the golden bells he wore hanging from his ears), but also with the study of a book on mineralogy that Bista Toscanelli had given him.»

Giuseppe Tanelli


The Four Evangelists found at Fonte de Prete S. Piero

The so-called Four Evangelists are four blocks of granodiorite measuring approximately 60 x 70 cm on whose surface are scattered crystals of pink tourmaline, aquamarine beryl, pollucite, heulandite and orthoclase. The blocks were found in 1873 in Fonte del Prete during research conducted by Raffaello Foresi, a short distance from San Piero in Campo in the mining district of the island of Elba western.

Initially the Four Evangelists were exhibited in the Foresi Museum in Portoferraio; their name, as told by the chronicles of the time (La Nazione, 1874), was due to a monk who, seeing the blocks exhibited in the museum «…so astonished and astonished he was amazed by them in the enthusiasm of admiration, throwing himself on his knees, li proclaimed The Four Evangelists. Today they are kept in the Museum of Mineralogy and Lithology of the University of Florence, together with the so-called Cinquemila Elbani, samples of minerals from the island.