BIRTH OF THE PERTINI CIRCLE OF THE ISLAND OF ELBA
Elba Pertini Circle of the Island the activism around the figure of Sandro Pertini was born after a meeting of a school from Portoferraio with the President of the Republic, which took place in 1984, at the Quirinale. Two classes of the Pascoli middle school reached Rome, led by the late headmaster Bruno Bolano. On that occasion, Sandro Pertini reminded us of his imprisonment in the tower of the Linguella and in Pianosa, because he was anti-fascist and told anecdotes about that hard experience.
Circle Pertini of the Elba
Island of Elba (LI)
Portoferraio, the Martello or Passannante Tower or even the Pertini Tower, where Stella’s lawyer was imprisoned for short periods in 1933.
A vision of the island of Pianosa, where Pertini was a political prisoner from 13.11.1931 to 6.9.1935, under fascism.
IN 1933 AND 1935 PERTINI THE FUTURE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC SOSTED AT ELBA IN THE MEDICEA TOWER OF PORTOFERRAIO, AS A POLITICIAN
Sandro Pertini anti-fascist, in 1926, fled to France to avoid the persecution of Mussolini, but on his return he was captured and sentenced to 10 years of imprisonment by the special court for the defense of the state in 1929. After other prisons, he arrived in Pianosa , prison-sanatorium, was 11 November 1931 and Stella’s lawyer was also treated for his tuberculosis. He remained until 9 September 1935 and at the end of his detention, destined for confinement for another 10 years on the island of Ponza, he stopped for the third time in the cell located in the octagonal Medici tower. Pertini came from Pianosa two more times in 1933, because he was tried for insulting a prison guard. The first hearing took place around 21 September of that year, which was then postponed.
Then he returned for the trial on November 9 and the Pretore Odorisio arranged to proceed behind closed doors, believing that the trial had aroused a “reprehensible curiosity in the public”. Many Elbans had flocked in large numbers, a sign of solidarity. The sentence was, of course, another 9 months and 24 days of detention. Sandro Pertini was 36 years old at the time and his prison file declared him “an exalted subversive, who must be carefully monitored.” In reality it was he, a political prisoner, who was mistreated, along with other cellmates at Elba , from the Cuttano guard, and had only the wrong to rebel against these abuses and retaliated against him.
(from the book “Portoferraio, 1993 Process or Sandro Pertini”, edited by Bramanti, Figoio, Marinari – Editori Riuniti Up; created by Circolo Pertini from Elba)
YEAR 2019 City of Portoferraio Cosimo de Medici Srl by the Sandro Pertini Cultural Club of Elba (www.circolopertinielba.org)
Biography of Sandro (Alessandro) Pertini
1896 Sandro (Alessandro) Pertini was born in Stella (Savona) on 25 September by Alberto and Maria Muzio; he has four brothers, Luigi, Marion, Giuseppe and Eugenio.
1915 Called to arms in the First World War, he is proposed, following an action on the Bainsizza, for a silver medal; at the end of the conflict, he joined the Italian Socialist Party. 1923 He graduates in law and then in political science.
1925 He is arrested on 22 May for having spread an anti-fascist manifesto entitled “Under the barbaric fascist rule”. A long period of deprivation of liberty begins, with expatriation, prison and confinement in various locations, including the island of Pianosa and Portoferraio , as an anti-fascist political prisoner.
1943 After the fall of fascism, he is released and enters the National Liberation Committee, but is arrested by the Nazi-fascists and sentenced to death in Regina Coeli, but manages to escape from prison together with Saragat and plunges into the partisan struggle.
1945 He meets Cada Voltolino, a partisan relay, who will become his wife.
1946 He is a deputy to the Constituent Assembly.
1953 Elected to the Chamber in the college of Liguria, he is confirmed in the following legislatures he is awarded the medal of ‘ military flying gold for his political and partisan struggle.
1968 On 5 June he was elected president of the Chamber, and confirmed in subsequent legislatures until 1976.
1978 On 8 July he was elected president of the Republic, on the 16th ballot, with 832 votes out of 995.
1985 At the end of the seven-year term, as former head of state, he was senator for life.
1990 He died in Rome on February 24th.
Centenary of the birth of Sandro Pertini “School day”
On the occasion of the centenary of Sandro Pertini’s birth, as part of the “School Day”, an island school event was carried out in agreement with the Municipality of Portoferraio , and the work of art exhibited here was created near the Pertini tower. The mayor Giovanni Fratini held a presentation ceremony for the painting that he had commissioned from the Portoferraio artist Italo Bolano.
The figure of the late President of the Republic was traced by Admiral Mario Porta, former commander of the General Staff, and in the Cathedral of the city a concert was held with the school groups led by the Portoferraio tenor Renato Cioni, at the time partner of Maria Callo. The work expresses, with Bolano’s abstract expressionism, in this case also figurative, precisely the imprisonment of Pertini. A work in ceramic and steel with which the symbols of detention and the ideas of social justice always pursued by the socialist, who would later become President of the Republic, are represented. Bolano is an established artist in Italy and abroad and has a museum-laboratory in San Martino, near the Napoleonic country residence, called the “International Ad Center”.